The following Risk Mitigation has been or will be enacted by the EPA
• Risk Identified:
There has been direct and secondary poisonings of non-target species.
There is well documented 2nd gen. anticoagulant presence in livers of raptors, foxes, wild cats, and deer.
• Mitigation Required:
EPA wants to reduce availability of 2nd gen. anticoagulants to homeowners. EPA will prohibit sale of 2nd gen. products in retail stores. There will be new packaging size requirements for 2nd gen. products. New packaging sizes of 8 lbs for agriculture products / 16 lbs for professionals (PCOs)
Most important is that the rodenticides (2nd Generations) applied outdoors (non-field) use must be within 50 ft. of buildings.
Bait Stations will be changed as well to the following:
Tiered bait station requirements for all “residential consumer” products
• Tier I – Tamper-Resistance and Weather-Resistant
These bait stations are resistant to weather and to tampering by children and dogs. To be used indoors and outdoors (within 50 feet of buildings).
• Tier II – Tamper-Resistant (but not weather resistant)
These bait station are resistant to tampering by children and dogs. To be used indoors only.
• Tier III – Tamper-Resistant for Children Only
These bait stations are resistant to tampering by children. To be used indoors only.
• Tier IV – Tamper-Resistance Unknown
These bait stations may not claim to be tamper resistant. To be used indoors only and only in areas inaccessible to children and pets.
read more at the EPA website http://www.epa.gov/opp00001/reregistration/rodenticides/